ARTICLE 28 – LAYOFF AND REDUCTION IN TIME
A. Should the University determine that layoffs are necessary due to lack of work or lack of funds, the following shall apply.
- Temporary layoff and temporary reduction in time affecting a career position is for a specified period of less than four (4) calendar months from the date of layoff.
- Indefinite layoff and indefinite reduction in time affecting a career position is one which no date for return to work, or no date of restoration to the employee’s former appointment rates is provided.
- Whenever the term layoff is used in this Agreement it shall be construed to encompass both indefinite layoff and indefinite reduction in time as defined above.
- A break in service is any separation from employment status. In addition, a break in service occurs, effective the last day on pay status, whether or not a separation form is submitted, when an employee is off pay status for four (4) complete, consecutive calendar months without an approved leave without pay, furlough, or temporary layoff.
A return to pay status from furlough, temporary layoff, or indefinite layoff during a period of right to recall and preference for reemployment, or on the next working day following a separation is not a break in service.
- Seniority is calculated by the number of full-time equivalent months (or hours) of University service, excluding employment prior to a break in service. When employees have the same number of full-time equivalent months (or hours), the employee with the most recent date of appointment is considered the least senior.
C. Minimization of Indefinite Layoff
- The University shall attempt to minimize indefinite layoffs as defined in Section B2 above, from career positions by first reviewing the necessity for existing limited positions within the department. When a vacancy exists within the layoff unit in an active career position in other classes in the department which are at the same salary level (as determined by the salary range maximum) as the employee’s current position, the department head shall reassign an employee scheduled for indefinite layoff to that position, provided that the department head determines that the employee is qualified to perform the duties of that position.
- Notwithstanding C1 above, the parties shall meet and discuss alternative solutions to layoffs within the first fifteen (15) days from the date of the notice of indefinite layoff. However, if agreement is not reached, the University may implement its decision.
D. Temporary Layoff and Temporary Reduction in Time
- An employee shall be given written notice of the effective date and the ending date of a temporary layoff or reduction in time. Whenever possible, the notice shall be given at least thirty (30) calendar days prior to the effective date. Concurrent notice shall be sent to the Union.
- If an indefinite layoff or indefinite reduction in time should become necessary while an employee is on temporary layoff or reduction in time, the procedures for indefinite layoff or indefinite reduction in time, as set forth in Section E below, shall be applied.
E. Indefinite Layoff and Indefinite Reduction in Time
- Indefinite layoffs and reductions in time are by class (title code) or by craft within a department. For purposes of this Article, a craft is defined as a job family includes employees at the I, II, and Lead Levels as outlined in Appendix J. The order of indefinite layoff and reduction in time of employees in the same class or craft within a department shall be in inverse order of seniority.
- Seniority shall be calculated by the number of career full-time equivalent months (or hours) of UC MERCED service. Employment prior to a break in service shall not be counted. When employees have the same number of full-time equivalent months (or hours), the employee with the most recent date of appointment shall be deemed the least senior.
- Whenever feasible, an employee will receive at least thirty (30) calendar days’ written notice prior to indefinite layoff or reduction in time. If less than thirty (30) calendar days’ notice is provided, the employee shall receive straight time pay in lieu of notice for each additional day the employee would have been on pay status had the employee been given thirty (30) calendar days’ notice. Prior to a layoff, the affected employee shall be notified of benefit continuation and unemployment insurance processes and, in addition, a non-probationary career employee shall be informed of the procedures for recall and preferential rehire. Concurrent notice shall be sent to the Union.
F. Reemployment from Indefinite Layoff
- Right of Recall to Department of Layoff. A non-probationary career employee who is separated or whose time base is reduced because of an indefinite layoff shall be recalled in order of seniority into any active and vacant career position for which the employee is qualified. Such position must be in the same class or craft, department and at the same or lesser percentage of time as the position held at the time of layoff.
- Preference for Reemployment or Transfer. A non-probationary career employee who has been separated or whose time has been reduced due to indefinite layoff or who has received written notice of indefinite layoff or reduction in time within the two (2) calendar months prior to the effective date of layoff shall be granted preference within the Unit for reemployment or transfer to any active or vacant career position for which the employee is qualified provided the position is:
- At the same salary level or lower (as determined by the salary range maximum), and,
- At the same or lesser percentage of time as the position held at the time of layoff.
- Reemployment at another University Location. The Employment Manager shall assist a non-probationary career employee on indefinite layoff who wishes to seek employment at another campus or laboratory.
G. Duration of Recall and Preference Rights
- A non-probationary career employee with less than five (5) years of seniority shall have recall and preference rights for reemployment for a period of one (1) year from date of layoff.
- A non-probationary career employee with at least five (5) but less than ten (10) years of seniority shall have recall and preference rights for reemployment for a period of two (2) years from date of layoff.
- A non-probationary career employee with ten (10) or more years of seniority shall have recall and preference rights for reemployment for a period of three (3) years from the date of layoff.
- Employees shall respond affirmatively to periodic inquiries as to their desire to return or availability. In the event that an employee is no longer available or desires not to return, the right to recall and preference for reemployment shall expire one year after the effective date of layoff.
- Rights to recall and preference for reemployment continue during, but are not extended by, temporary periods of employment in casual University positions.
H. Termination of Right to Recall and Preference
Right to recall and preference for reemployment terminate if an employee:
- Refuses an offer to return to a position, at the same or greater percentage of time, to the department and class or craft from which laid off; or,
- Accepts a career position at the same or higher salary level and the same or greater percentage of time as the position held at the time of layoff; or, c.
- Refuses two (2) offers of employment for a career position at the same or higher salary level and the same percentage of time as the position held at the time of layoff; or,
- Is no longer available for the reasons specified in Section G.4 above; or,
- Fails to respond to written notice of an employment opportunity.
I. Acceptance of Employment
Preference for reemployment terminates if an employee accepts any career position at UC MERCED.
J. Service Upon Reemployment
Reemployment within the period of right to recall and preference for reemployment or from temporary layoff provides continuity of service. Benefits and seniority accrue only when on pay status.
K. General Effect on Benefits
- Subject to the employee’s payment of full premiums, an employee on indefinite or temporary layoff may continue, if previously enrolled, in certain group insurance programs for the length of time provided by the University’s Group Insurance Regulations.
- The University’s contribution to the cost of a University sponsored health plan will be provided for an employee on temporary layoff or reduction in time for a maximum of three (3) months in a calendar year where the employee’s earnings are insufficient to otherwise generate the University’s contribution.
- Retirement system regulations determine the effect on retirement benefits while an employee is on indefinite or temporary layoff.
L. Merced 2020
KM-unit employees, active and on pay status, or on approved leave as of the date of ratification of the 2020 Successor agreement, will not have their hours reduced nor be laid off as a result of the implementation of the “Merced 2020” project. This also includes the position of Stationary Engineer that is actively being recruited for at the time ratification of this agreement. For reference, the date of ratification of this agreement is July 1, 2020.